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جمعه ، 9 تیر 1396 ، 08:15

Rapid: A Computer Programs for Examining the Socioeconomic Impacts of Population Growth

Ed AbelDemoSoft

The socioeconomic impacts model in Spectrum, known as RAPID, is a computer program for making projections of social and economic indicators for countries or regions.  The program requires information on various social and economic indicators, such as the labor force participation rate, the primary enrollment rate, and the number of nurses per capita, to name a few.  This information is then combined with population projections (created in the DemProj module of Spectrum) to project the future requirements of the indicators for as much as 50 years into the future.

The RAPID model is intended to provide projections that can be used as the basis of a policy presentation to stimulate policy dialogue about the importance of population factors to social and economic development.   Such presentations are usually intended to increase policymakers’ awareness of population factors in order to improve the policy environment for effective population programs.  As a result, RAPID presentations are designed to convey key information to policymakers in a form appropriate for them.

The entire process of developing a RAPID presentation requires a number of steps, including identifying key audiences and messages, collecting socioeconomic development data, making projections, preparing and testing a presentation, developing a booklet to accompany the presentation, training presenters, developing and implementing a dissemination plan, and monitoring and evaluating results.

A typical RAPID presentation includes sections on demographic background, population projections, social and economic impacts, and population program options.  RAPID presentations typically examine socioeconomic impacts in education, economy, labor force and new job requirements, health, urbanization, agriculture, and the environment & natural resources. However, presentations must be tailored to each country situation.  Therefore, some applications will include additional special sections such as migration, fuel wood, deforestation, water use, land degradation, etc.

RAPID stands for Resources for the Awareness of Population Impacts on Development.  The RAPID model was originally developed in 1978 under a contract funded by USAID (RAPID I).  Both the model and the presentations have been continuously updated and improved since then.  Presentations based on the RAPID model have been made to cabinet-level officials in over 40 countries, including 15 heads of state.  The capability to develop and disseminate RAPID presentations has been institutionalized in a number of countries.  In many of these countries, continuous dissemination activities have brought information about population programs to thousands of influential individuals at the national and local levels.

RAPID (and the entire Spectrum system of models) is designed to produce information useful for policy formulation and dialogue within a framework of computer programs that are easy to use.  The focus is on generating information useful for policy and planning purposes rather than on carrying out detailed research into the underlying processes involved.  For this reason, RAPID uses data that are readily available to policy analysts.  It requires little demographic or socioeconomic expertise beyond what can be acquired by reviewing and using this manual.

Source: Washington, D.C. Futures Group International, POLICY Project, 1999.

A translated version of this program has been published and available in Persian. For more information click here.

آخرین بروز رسانی مطلب در سه شنبه ، 28 شهریور 1396 ، 04:56
 

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روش‌های تحلیل جمعیّت‌شناختی: این کتاب توسّط سه تن از جمعیّت‌شناسان نامی علم جمعیّت‌شناسی یعنی فرحت یوسف، جو. ام. مارتین و دیوید ا. سوانسون در چهارده فصل به رشته‌ی تحریر درآمده و در سال 2014 توسّط انتشارات اسپرینگر چاپ و منتشر شده است. دکتر حاتم حسینی و میلاد بگی کتاب را به زبان فارسی برگرداندند. ترجمه‌ی فارسی کتاب در 460 صفحه و شمارگان 1000 نسخه توسّط مرکز نشر دانشگاه بوعلی سینا در تابستان 1396 چاپ و منتشر شد. مطالب این کتاب به شیوه‌­ای سازمان یافته است که اجازه می‌دهد تا خوانندگان از یک سطح مقدّماتی به روش‎های پیشرفته‎تر تحلیل­‌های جمعیّت‎شناختی حرکت کنند. این رویکرد با در نظرگرفتن این نکته است که ممکن است کاربران ...

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