30 Years of Experience of the Two-Child Policy in Yicheng, China

Yu Qin, Fei Wang

More and more countries have been adopting population policies to increase birth rates, in order to deal with the growing challenges of aging (United Nations 2013). Following the recent trend, China, the most populous country in the world, ended its 35-year-long one-child policy and started to allow two children for each married couple from January 1, 2016. It is still too early to evaluate the new two-child policy directly. However, something may be learnt from what has happened in Yicheng in the past 30 years. Yicheng is a typical agricultural county in Shanxi province with a population that is over 80% rural (Figure 1). It first adopted the two-child policy in 1985, aiming to observe how fast birth rates would increase if fertility restrictions were ...

ادامه‎ی مطلب

As China ends the one-child policy, what is its legacy?

One Child PolicyStephanie Gordon

China has announced the end to its infamous one-child policy, the restrictive rule that has limited many families to one child, and some to two children for the past 37 years. The changes will allow all couples to have two children. China has a long history of controlling its population. Throughout the 1950s, family planning was encouraged under Mao Zedong to promote economic growth. But only in 1973 did it become a political priority, with the national wan, xi, shao–“late marriage, longer spacing, and fewer children” campaign encouraging two children per couple. In June 1978, a policy of one child per couple was rigorously pursued as the government feared that China would not be able to modernise and support a large population at the same time.

ادامه‎ی مطلب

باروری نسلی باید ملاک برنامه‌های جمعیّتی قرار گیرد نه باروری مقطعی

Dr. Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavaziدر گفت‌وگو با دکتر محمّدجلال عبّاسی شوازی

برخی هشدارهای اغراق‌آمیز در زمینه‌ی کاهش نرخ رشد جمعیّت تأسّف‌آور است و از این نشأت می‌گیرد که برخی افراد شناخت درستی از شاخص‌های جمعیّتی ندارند. دکتر محمّدجلال عبّاسی شوازی، استاد جمعیّت‌شناسی دانشگاه تهران و رئیس انجمن جمعیّت‌شناسی ایران، در یک گفتگوی تلویزیونی با بیان این مطلب گفت: دو نوع نگرش نسبت به وضعیّت باروری داریم: «نگرش مقطعی» و «نگرش نسلی». در شرایط فعلی و با توجّه به ساختار سنّی جمعیّت کشور، باروری مقطعی تحت تأثیر وضعیّت اقتصادی اجتماعی حال حاضر کشور قرار دارد. محاسبات انجام شده با روش‌های مختلف نشان داده که میزان باروری کشور در سال 1390 بین 1/8 تا 2/1 در نوسان بوده است. امّا باید توجّه داشت که ملاک برنامه‌ریزی‌ها باید باروری نسلی باشد؛ چرا که باروری مقطعی می‌تواند ...

ادامه‌ی مطلب

Demography
مشاهده در قالب پی دی اف چاپ فرستادن به ایمیل
چهارشنبه ، 6 ارديبهشت 1396 ، 07:13

Announcement of the 4th Asian Population Association Conference

4th APA ConferenceShanghai, China, 11 July to 14 July 2018

The Asian Demographic Research Institute will host the 4th Asian Population Association (APA) in Shanghai, China, at Shanghai University from 11 July to 14 July 2018. The Asian Population Association Conference has strongly become a major international event drawing over 1,600 participants from over 50 countries around the globe. The Conference is held every three years, providing opportunities for experts and students to share and discuss their scientific study of population issues. The key topics of interest shared by our members and participants include but not limited to the followings; Fertility, Reproductive Health, Mortality, Child Health, Migration, Refugees, Population Ageing, Labour force and Employment, Population and Education, Poverty, Population and Development, Gender Issues and Techniques of Demographic Analysis. The language of the 2018 Conference will be English. English to Chinese translation service will be offered at the opening sessions and keynote speakers. The Call for papers has been added to APA Website and disseminated through many institutes around the globe. The online submission system will be activated on 1 June 2017 and the submission deadline is 30 September 2017.

ادامه مطلب...
 
مشاهده در قالب پی دی اف چاپ فرستادن به ایمیل
سه شنبه ، 2 آبان 1396 ، 12:23

A Study on the Relationship between Religiousity and Fertility Intention in Tehran

Dr. Fatemeh ModiriFatemeh Modiri; Hajjie Bibi Razeghinasrabad

Abstract

Following decline in fertility rate and changes in religiousity in recent decades, this study aims to assess the relationship between religiousity and fertility intention. The data was derived from Tehran’s Married Lifestyle Survey in 2016 and a sample of 1272 married men and women so that age of women in their family was 15 to 49 years, were selected. The result showed that childbearing in Tehran is almost universal. About 4 percent of participants intend to remain childless which is only 16.5 percent of those who are childless. While 67.3 percent of individuals intend to have two or more children, only 47.6 percent of individuals have two children or more in research time. Tendency of people toward religion is relatively high.  Almost 65 percent of people have middle and higher level of religiosity. Multivariate analysis show that fertility intention has been influenced by religiousity and this impact continues with presence of effective socio-economic variables. Although women are more religious than men, effect of religiousity on childbearing intentions for both sexes is similar. Journal of Population Association of Iran, 2016, 10(20): 128-163. Click here to get the paper.

 
مشاهده در قالب پی دی اف چاپ فرستادن به ایمیل
جمعه ، 29 ارديبهشت 1396 ، 05:35

Age Structure and Urban Migration of Youth in the Philippines

Socorro Gultiano, Peter Xenos

Abstract
This paper extends the existing research on demographic transition and age-structural change by focussing on urban-rural variations in age structure within a country. This perspective highlights the role of internal migration in age-structure change and the size of youth populations in urban areas. With the current youth surge resulting from the demographic transition, a massive geographic redistribution of the Philippine population is underway, predominantly from less urbanized to more urbanized areas. The census of 2000 reveals that 10% of youth (aged 15-29) in the less urbanized areas and 19% in the National Capital Region are migrants, i.e., they had resided in another province or municipality five years earlier. Just as importantly, women outnumber men among these migrants: the higher the level of urbanization, the lower is the sex ratio of youth migrants. This age and gender selectivity of migration has important implications for both urban and rural populations. Age dependency ratios are significantly higher in rural areas than in urban areas. While this could be interpreted as a demographic advantage to the urban population, it is clearly a disadvantage to the rural population. Also, migration has resulted in the “feminization” of urban and metropolitan populations and the “masculinization” of certain rural areas of origin. These shifts in age and sex structure have important demographic and policy implications. In Age-Structural Transitions: Challenges for Development, Edited by Ian Pool, Laura R. WONG and Éric Vilquin, Paris 2006, PP. 225-256.

 
مشاهده در قالب پی دی اف چاپ فرستادن به ایمیل
شنبه ، 24 تیر 1396 ، 08:29

World Contraceptive Use 2017

World Contraceptive UseUnited Nations Population Division

Abstract

Contraceptive prevalence and the unmet need for family planning are key indicators for measuring improvements in access to reproductive health. The data set, World Contraceptive Use 2017, includes country-specific estimates of these and other indicators, based on survey data available as of March 2017. This new data set was used to generate Estimates and Projections of Family Planning Indicators 2017, providing model-based estimates and projections of family planning indicators. The Population Division produces a systematic and comprehensive series of annual, model-based estimates and projections of family planning indicators for the period from 1970 to 2030. Median estimates with 80 per cent and 95 per cent uncertainty intervals are provided for 185 countries or areas of the world, and for regions and development groups.

ادامه مطلب...
 
<< شروع < قبلی 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 بعدی > انتها >>

صفحه 4 از 15

منوی اصلی سایت Main

صفحه‌­ی اصلی

موضوع

رویدادها

منابع

پیوندها

درباره­‌ی من

مترجم سایت Translate

خبرنامه News Letter

نام:

ایمیل:

کنفرانس‌ها Conference

Please wait while JT SlideShow is loading images...
Photo Title 1Photo Title 2Photo Title 3Photo Title 4Photo Title 5

آمار بازدیدکنندگان Visited

واژه‌نامه‎ی جمعیّت‌شناسی Online

English to Persian and Vice Versa, Click here

DemoPaedia, Click here

تازه‌های کتاب

روش‌های تحلیل جمعیّت‌شناختی: این کتاب توسّط سه تن از جمعیّت‌شناسان نامی علم جمعیّت‌شناسی یعنی فرحت یوسف، جو. ام. مارتین و دیوید ا. سوانسون در چهارده فصل به رشته‌ی تحریر درآمده و در سال 2014 توسّط انتشارات اسپرینگر چاپ و منتشر شده است. دکتر حاتم حسینی و میلاد بگی کتاب را به زبان فارسی برگرداندند. ترجمه‌ی فارسی کتاب در 460 صفحه و شمارگان 1000 نسخه توسّط مرکز نشر دانشگاه بوعلی سینا در تابستان 1396 چاپ و منتشر شد. مطالب این کتاب به شیوه‌­ای سازمان یافته است که اجازه می‌دهد تا خوانندگان از یک سطح مقدّماتی به روش‎های پیشرفته‎تر تحلیل­‌های جمعیّت‎شناختی حرکت کنند. این رویکرد با در نظرگرفتن این نکته است که ممکن است کاربران ...

ادامه‌ی مطلب

نرم‌افزارهای جمعیّتی

MORTPAK for Windows (Version 4.3): The MORTPAK software packages for demographic measurement have had widespread use throughout research institutions in developing and developed countries since their introduction in 1988. Version 4.0 of MORTPAK included 17. Version 4.3 of MORTPAK enhanced many of the original applications and added 3 more to bring the total to 20 applications. The package incorporates techniques that take advantage of the United Nations model life tables and generalized stable population equations. The package has been constructed with worksheet-style, full screen data entry which takes advantage of the interactive ...

ادامه‌ی مطلب